AnswersSet by Maya Davis
More Classical Byways
1/ What might a Roman have classified as ‘Setine’, ‘Caecuban’ or ‘Falernian’? Wines
2/ Apart from attending drama performances at its theatre, for what other purpose did ancient Greeks visit the religious precinct at Epidaurus?
It was a healing shrine; people spent the night there and were supposed to be cured by discussing their dreams with the priests.
3/ What was the Roman name of the Spanish city of Zaragoza? Caesaraugusta
4/ Whose main palace was at Pella?
Kings of Macedon – notably Philip II, Alexander the Great’s father
5/ What did the 20th Legion Valeria Victrix and Richard III of England have in common?
Wild boar as their symbol
6/ What did the god Hermes, then still a baby, make using stolen cattle and a dead tortoise?
The first lyre – which he gave to his big brother Apollo, from whom he’d stolen the cattle.
7/ For what purpose might an ancient Roman visit a Lupinar?
Sex – it was a brothel.
8/ Where in particular would Greeks have seen the inscriptions ‘Know Yourself’ and ‘Nothing in Excess’? The Oracle at
9/ According to tradition, the 5th and 7th kings of Rome weren’t Romans by birth. Where were they from? Tarquinia or Veii in Etruria – they were Etruscans
10/ What mythical creatures are painted on the wall either side of the ceremonial throne in the main throne room of the Minoan palace at Knossos?
11/ What relation was Pliny the Elder to Pliny the Younger? Uncle
12/ When the Athenian comic dramatists mentioned ‘Onion-Head’ in their plays, to which politician were they referring?
Pericles; he was famously embarrassed at having an odd-shaped head and insisted on being depicted wearing a helmet.
13/ Whom had Julius Caesar defeated when he sent his famous message ‘Veni, vidi, vici’?
King Pharnaces II of Pontus – now in modern Turkey
14/ Which London main line stations are nearest to a church whose architectural features include a replica of the Caryatid Porch of the Erechtheum in Athens?
Euston, King’s Cross & St Pancras – it’s on St Pancras’ Church on Euston Road.
15/ Two of the members of the Second Triumvirate were Octavian (later Augustus) and Marcus Antonius. Who was the third, described by Shakespeare as ‘A slight unmeritable man, meet to be sent on errands’?
16/ Who allegedly regularly told whom ‘Come back with your shield or on it.’
Spartan women to Spartan warriors
17/ Who designed the Labyrinth in which the Minotaur was imprisoned?
18/ Which real-life Gaulish chieftain, who organised resistance to Caesar, appears several times in the Asterix books?
19/ Which cinema chain is named after a small auditorium in Athens?
20/ Which constellation is named after the mother of Andromeda?
21/ In which opera, based on a 19th century French play and first produced in 1900, does the final act take place on what was originally the Mausoleum of Hadrian in Rome?
‘Tosca’ by Puccini
22/ Oedipus was king of which Greek city?
23/ When would a Roman woman have her hair arranged in 6 plaits, the partings being made by the point of a spear?
On her wedding day
24/ What did Quinctilius Varus lose in Germany during the reign of the emperor Augustus?
The battle of the Teutoberg Forest – and, more precisely, three legions and their standards
24/ Le Rouet d’Omphale (= Omphale’s Spinning-Wheel) by Camille Saint-Saens is an orchestral work based on one of the lesser-known stories about which mythical hero?