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  • Mastermind Club

    Quiz 2021

    No 3

    Geography

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    Answers

                                   Set by Mel Kinsey
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  • 1/  Originating from a mass of storm clouds at a height more above 1km, the weather phenomenon known as ‘________ lightning’ takes its name from which Venezuelan river as it empties into Lake Maracaibo? The frequency of lightning occurrence can exceed 1500 times per hour

  • Catatumbo 

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  • 2/Which country shares land borders with Montenegro, Kosovo, North Macedonia and Greece?   

  • Albania 

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    3/ Previously known as Frobisher’s Bay before its traditional Inuktitut name (meaning ‘place of fish’) was restored in 1987, which is the capital of the Canadian territory of Nunavut?  

     Iqaluit 

  • 4/ Opened in January 1972 and based on classical & postclassical architecture as well as popular art influences following the White Revolution, the monument known as the Azadi (‘Freedom’) Tower is located in which capital city?

  • Tehran

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  • 5/ Approximately 400km southwest of Moscow, which city on the River Dnieper has seen several battles throughout history, against foes such as the Mongols, First French Empire and Nazi Germany? In 2010, a plane carrying then-Polish President Lech Kaczynski crashed near its vicinity, killing all on-board.       

  • Smolensk 

  •  6/  One of the largest public squares in the world, in which capital city is the Black Star Square located? It is bordered by the Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum.  

  • Accra, Ghana 

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  • 7/  Located on the Tuul River (a tributary of the Selenge), which capital city has a name that translates as ‘Red Hero’? It contains almost half of its nation’s population and stands alone as an independent municipality rather than belonging to any of the 21 aimags (provinces).   

  •  Ulaanbaatar 

  • 8/ Also known as the Assi, which chief river of the Levant rises in Lebanon and flows through Syria and Turkey before entering the Mediterranean? Classical cities on its banks include Antioch and Kadesh – where a 1274BC battle took place between Rameses II and Muwatalli II of the Hittites.   Orontes 

  •  9/ Located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland, which capital city was known by its historic German name Reval from the 13th century to first half of the 20th century?  

  •  Tallinn 

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  • 10/  Located 63 km south of Marrakesh, which 4167 m-tall mountain is the highest peak in the Atlas Mountains and North Africa as a whole? The first recorded ascent was on 12 June 1923 by the Marquis de Segonzac, Vincent Berger and Hubert Dolbeau.    

  •  Toubkal 

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  • 11/ With major features including the ruins of the Indus Valley Civilization at Kalibangan, the Jain pilgrimage site of Dilwara Temples and most of the massive Thar Desert, which northwestern state (with capital at Jaipur) is India’s largest by land area?       

  •   Rajasthan 

  • 12/  At a maximum depth of 5267m, the deepest part of the Mediterranean, located in the Ionian Sea southwest of Pylos, is named after which figure in Greek myth?    

  •  Calypso 

  • 13/ Including the 21m-tall obelisk King Ezana’s Stela, the Northern Stelae Park is located in which town in northern Ethiopia which was once the capital of a powerful kingdom that ruled the region from about 400 BCE into the 10th century?    

  •     Axum/ Aksum 

  • 14/ Named after its namesake city that served as its country’s capital until it was replaced by Manama in 1932, what is the name of the second largest island in the archipelago of Bahrain?       

  •    Muharraq Island 

  • 15/ Despite being fed by over 300 rivers (including the Selenga and Barguzin), Lake Baikal is drained by which single river? It courses through Russia’s Irkutsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai before joining the Yenisei.  

  •  Angara River 

  • 16/ Including the Irish capital Dublin, which is the southeastern of the four Provinces of Ireland ? It is the most populous (approximately 2.6 million) and its traditional flag features a golden harp on a green background.      

  •  Leinster 

      

         17/ The world’s tallest statue with a height of 182m         The Statue of Unity is a colossal representation        

        of  the statesman and independence activist                     Vallabhbhai Patel, and stands on the Darmada           River  in which Indian State?    

        Gujarat 

       

          18/ Named for the French Chancellor and                 Controller- General of Finances during the reign                 of Louis XIV of France, which brackish lake                   in southern Louisiana is crossed by a      

               namesake bridge that is considered the worlds                longest bridge over water (continuous)? In 2005                its waters inundated New Orleans when the                       storm surge caused by Hurricane Katrina                           overwhelmed  its levees. 

               Lake Pontchartrain   

 

                19/ Its name translating to ‘Heaven’s Ferry                      or Emperors  Ford’, which city in northern  China

                was established in  1404 as a walled city? Situated     

                Situated along western coast  of the  Bohai Gulf, it                    is connected to Beijing via the Hai  River and                     is China's fourth largest city (by population).  

             Tianjin  

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         20/  Which capital city was renamed Titograd from        1946 to 1992, after the former Yugoslav leader?     

        Podgorica

 

       21/  In continuous habitation since the beginning          of the Bronze Age, it later became a city-state      

       known as  Ledra, one of twelve kingdoms built by           the Achaeans after the Trojan War.

       Which capital city is located near the centre                 Mesaoria Plain, on the banks ofthe RiverPedieos               

       Nicosia

 

      22/ The seventh most populous in the state which         city is the capital of Florida?   

         Tallahassee 

 

23/ First explored in 1884-87 by the German     ethnologist Karol von den Steinen, which 1640km river in northern Brazil is a southeast tributary of the Amazon river? Rising on the Planalto do Mato Grosso, ir meanders northwards before emptying into the Amazon just south of the Ilha Grande de Gurupa     

Xingu River 

 

24/ Located in the southeastern part, Chittagong is the major seaport and second largest city of which country?    

 Bangladesh 

 

25/ Amongst countries whose common English names contain four letters (e.g. Fiji), which is the largest both in terms of population and area? 

  Iran    

 

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