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Mastermind Club

Quiz 2020

No 24

Mythology & Religion

 

Set by Mel Kinsey

 

1/ Accidentally killed by the object at his feet, his tale inspired an opera by Mozart. He also gives his name to a small genus of flowering plant.

 

2/ Which bodhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism is depicted with a flaming sword in his right hand, the scripture supported by a lotus leaf in his left, and riding on a

blue/ green lion? His name derives from 'gentle glory' in Sanskrit.

 

3/ In both the 'Poetic Edda' and the 'Prose Edda', she is recognized as the wife of Thor, the God of Thunder. In the Marvel film series `Thor' she was portrayed by the actress Jaimie Alexander. Can you name this goddess?   

 

4/ In the New Testament, who was the High Priest of the Sanhedrin was said to have been deeply involved in the trial of Jesus and his subsequent execution? 

 

5/ In Arthurian legend, he joins the Knights of the Round Table after defeating King Arthur at jousting. Can you name this king of Istenoise, famous for his endless hunt of the Questing Beast and (by some accounts) the father of Percival?  

 

6/ In Islamic eschatology, what name is given to the messianic figure who is the prophesized redeemer of Islam, who will rule for a certain period of time before the Day of Judgment? The term derives from the Arabic root commonly meaning `divine guidance'.   

 

7/ In Greek myth, who is the Aetolian hero who killed the Calydonian Boar but awarded its hide to the huntress Atalanta (whom he loved)? He is also one of the Argonauts who accompanied Jason on the latter's quest for the Golden Fleece. 

 

8/ Who is this Hindu deity? One of the Trimurti, he is the creator god portrayed with four faces (looking in the four cardinal directions), a white beard and sitting on a lotus. His consort is the goddess Saraswati.

 

9/ Which term (often used in a derogatory manner) is derived from the name of a 3rd-century Persian religious leader? The term describes someone who tends to break everything down into good and evil, or see things only in terms of black and whitre.

 

 

10/ Which creature has the body of a lion, bat-like wings and tail of a scorpion? It passed into European folklore through Ctesias, a Greek physician at the court of Ataxerxes II in the 4th century BC

 

 

11/ Which god-like figure is the central character of the Finnish national epic, `Kalevala'? His name deriving from the Finnish for 'stream pool', he is usually portrayed as an old, wise man who possesses a magical voice.  

 

 

12/ In the Chinese classic 'Journey to the West', what is the title commonly given to the monk Xuanzang? The term comes from Sanskrit meaning 'Three Baskets', referring to the three main categories of text that forms the Buddhist canon —the Sutra, Vinaya and Abhidharma. 

 

 

13/ Painted by the late-Renaissance painter Paolo Veronese, this painting depicts what was the first miracle attributed to Jesus (according to the Gospel of John), where he transformed water into wine at a wedding feast. In which Galilean town did this miracle take place? 

 

 

14/ In Greek myth, who was the vain queen of Aethiopia whose claim that her beauty surpassed that of the Nereids angered Poisedon? The constellation named after her has a characteristic 'M' or 'W' shape, and is bordered by Andromeda (her daughter) to the south and Cepheus (her husband) to the north.  

 

 

15/ Part of the Republic of Malta, the island of Gozo (known for its scenic hills) has long been associated with which mythological character, a daughter of the Titan Atlas? Featured in Homer's `Odyssey', her name derives from the Greek for 'to conceal'.

 

 

16/ In Islamic mythology, what is the name of the winged steed that transported the Prophet Muhammad on his Isra and Mi'raj (Night Journeys) from Mecca to Jerusalem and back? It is traditionally depicted as having a human face in Near East and Persian art. 

 

17/ Gaining prominence in the Middle Kingdom of ancient Egypt under the Twelfth Dynasty pharoah Amenemhat III, Sobek is a deity usually associated with military power, fertility and the Nile — and is thus commonly depicted with the head of which animal? 

 

18/ Celebrated annually on the 14th day of the Jewish month of Adar, the holiday of Purim celebrates the saving of the Jewish people by which biblical figure ? A queen of King Ahasuerus (Xerxes) of Persia, she foiled the plots of the evil vizier Haman who wanted to exterminate the Jews. 

 

19/ Designed by the 17th-century French artist Chales Le Brun, this iconic fountain in the Pond of Swans, within the grounds of the Palace of Versailles, features which Greek god as he rises from the sea in a four-horse chariot?    

 

20/ In Greek myth, which grandson of Medusa is usually portrayed as a giant with one body and three heads? Dwelling on the island of Erytheia in the western Mediterranean, he was fatally wounded when shot in the head by Heracles with an arrow dipped in the venom of the Lernaean Hydra. 

 

21/ Featured in films such as 'The Greatest Story Ever Told' and The Passion of the Christ', which figure in the Stations of the Cross was the man compelled by the Romans to carry Jesus's cross as the latter was led to his crucifixion?   

 

22/ First mentioned in Geoffrey of Monmouth's `Historia regum Britanniae' and described as 'the island of apples called fortunate', it is the island to which Britain's legendary King Arthur sailed after his final battle. Name this island. 

 

23/ Unique amongst the apostles as the only one not chosen by Jesus himself, who was the apostle chosen by the other disciples to replace Judas Iscariot following the latter's suicide after betraying Jesus? 

 

24/ Which perennial flowering plant of the Xanthorrhoeaceae family is most associated with the underworld in Greek mythology? Homer depicts a great meadow covered by them where souls of the dead linger, while Persephone (queen of Hades) is commonly depicted wearing a garland of them.  

 

25/ Which central concept of Taoism, an alliterative two-word term, literally means 'non-action' or `non-doing'? In the 'Tao Te Ching', Lao Tzu explained this concept in terms of planets revolving around the Sun in a natural and uncontrived manner.  

 

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