Greek and Roman
Set by Maya Davis
1. Which Greek colony in Southern Italy provides modern words related to enjoyment of a luxurious lifestyle?
Sybaris –( the modern words are the noun sybarite and its adjective sybaritic)
2. In Roman public baths, what was the purpose of the Apodyterium? Changing room
3. To which god was the Oracle at Delphi dedicated?
4. Alexander the Great’s horse was called Bucephalus. What does this name mean? Ox-head
5. In which Greek play is the title character a Scrooge-like character called Knemon?
Dyskolos = The Bad-Tempered Man/The Grouch by Menander
6. Which novel, published in 2018, retells Homer’s Iliad from the point of view of a minor character in that epic?
The Silence of the Girls by Pat Barker
7. Who was executed in 399 BC for corrupting the young and challenging accepted religious beliefs?
8. On which Greek island did Hippocrates found his medical school? Cos
9. In what direction were chariots driven in a Roman chariot-race?
10. What is the modern name of the city in Italy, founded by Greeks, whose name, rather boringly, means ‘New City’ in Greek?
Naples – Greek name Nea Polis
11. In Greek and Roman mythology, who was picking flowers in a meadow in Sicily when she was carried off by the god of the Underworld? Persephone/Proserpina, daughter of Demeter/Ceres
12. What modern-sounding theory of the nature of the universe was proposed by the Greek philosophers Leucippus and Democritus? Everything is made up of atoms falling through empty space – the latter usually referred to by the Greek Atomists as ‘void’.
13. The modern A429 mainly follows the path of which Roman road? Fosse Way
14. The Greek word for a Pan-pipe and the term for the organ which enables songbirds to sing are both named after the same nymph, changed into a reed by her father to avoid being raped by Pan. What was her name? Syrinx
15. The name of the Roman general married to Julius Caesar’s aunt provides the French nickname of the inhabitants of which French city? Marseille – the inhabitants are nicknamed ‘Marius’ after Gaius Marius.
16. Who was the son of Laius and Jocasta? Oedipus
17. Which member of a Roman legion would carry a vine-staff as his badge of office? A centurion
18. Ben Jonson’s poetic satires London and The Vanity of Human Wishes are based on works by which Roman author? Juvenal
19. The statue known as the Colossus of Rhodes was one of the seven ancient wonders of the world. Whom did it represent?
The sun god Helios
20. For what purpose would a Greek use a krater/crater?
To mix wine and water for feasts; a ladle would be dipped in the krater to fill up individual wine-cups