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Mastermind Club

Quiz 2020

No17

Art and Architecture

Answers

Set by Mel Kinsey

 

1/ The characteristic style of which artist  featuring elongated faces ? He died of tuberculous meningitis at the age of 35. Nearly a century later, one of his work would sell for US$170 million.     Amedeo Modigliani
2/ Coined by the British critic Reyner Banham in a 1966 book, what term is given to the architectural movement that flourished from the 1950s-70s, characterised by massive, fortress-like constructions with predominance of exposed concrete? Noted exponents include Erno Goldfinger and Paul Rudolph.   Brutalism

3/ Which term, deriving from the Spanish/ Portuguese for `an imperfect pearl', is generally used to refer to the period in Western European art from around 1600 to 1750?   Baroque

4/ Designed by the architect Johan Sigfrid Siren and constructed between 1926-31, the Eduskuntatalo is the parliamentary building located in which capital city?      Helsinki

5/ The 1964 musical 'Fiddler On The Roof' takes its title from a 1912 painting by which artist, born 1887 in present-day Belarus?    Marc Chagall

6/ Designed by architect Adrian Smith (who also designed the Burj Khalifa), the record-breaking lkm-tall building, initially called the Kingdom Tower, is currently under construction in which city?    Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

7/ Which Post-Impressionist artist painted a series of more than 80 paintings of Mt. Sainte-Victoire, which he could see from his house in Aix-en-Provence?   

  Paul Cezanne

8/  In church architecture, what term denotes the transverse section that lies across the main body (nave) of the building, thereby forming the shape of a cross with it?    Transept

9/  Influenced by John Constable, which 19th-century art movement took its name from a village in north-central France, near the Forest of Fontainebleau? The painters in this movement (e.g. Jean-Francois Millet, 'The Gleaners') aimed for realism, rather than the Romanticism which dominated that era.   

The Barbizon School

10/ Coined by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire, what term denotes the movement which was an offshoot of Cubism that focused more on lyrical abstraction and bright colours? Seen as a transition from Cubism to abstract art, its key exponents include Robert Delaunay and Frantisek Kupka    Orphism

11/ The Ninth Wave' (1850) is the best-known work of which Russian artist specialising in marine themes? The title refers to the nautical belief that waves grow larger and larger in a series up to the largest (the Th wave), at which point the cycle starts again.  Ivan Aivazovsky

12/  Which 16th-century Venetian architect, author of 'The Four Books of Architecture', gives his name to an architectural style that strongly emphasizes the symmetry, values and perspectives of classical Roman & Greek temples? Examples of its influence include Thomas Jefferson's Monticello in Virginia.  

Andrea Palladio

13/ The 1718 painting 'The Embarkation for Cythera' depicts a party of young people enthusiastically leaving for Cythera — an island off the southeastern tip of the Peloponnese which was the mythical birthplace and abode of Aphrodite. Who is the painter?     Jean-Antoine Watteau

14/ Which American sculptor of the Pop Art movement is noted for his public art installations featuring very large replicas of mundane everyday objects? Many of these works were made in collaboration with Coosje van Bruggen, his wife of 32 years who passed away in 2009.   Claes Oldenburg

15.  Born 1240, which Florentine painter and mosaic-creator is generally regarded as one of the first Italian painters to break away from the Byzantine style? According to Vasari, he was the teacher of Giotto, who went on to surpass his accomplishments. His works include ‘The Santa Trinita Maesta', now in the Uffizi.    Cimabue

16/   One of the four canonical painting modes of Renaissance art, which word denotes the fine shading that produces soft & imperceptible transitions between colour and tones., i.e. without lines or borders from light to dark areas. Most commonly associated with Leonardo da Vinci, it derives from the Italian for 'to evaporate like smoke'.   Sfumato

17/ Lord Byron called it his favorite painting because of the ambiguity of its subject matter and symbolism. In Neil Gaiman's comic The Sandman : The Wake', it hangs in the hall of the Dream King. Which Renaissance artist painted the piece entitled The Tempest', between 1506 to 1508?  Giorgione

18/  In classical architecture, what term denotes the lowest part of an entablature, below the cornice and the frieze? It is the beam that rests on the capitals of the columns, and derives its name from a Greek and Latin word, which combined means `main beam'.   Architrave

19/  The rivalry between Delacroix and which other artist is said to embody the conflict between traditional neoclassicism and non-conformist Romanticism? Noted works of his include `Napoleon I on his Imperial Throne', 'Oedipus and the Sphinx' and The Valpincon Bather'.      Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

20/  Which Russian painter and art theorist, born 1878 near Kiev, was the founder of the avant-garde Suprematist movement in modern art? It focused on basic geometric forms (e.g. circles, squares and lines) which are painted in a limited range of colours, as illustrated in his 1916 painting 'Suprematism'.   

Kazimir Malevich

21/  Painted in 1819/20, Two Men Contemplating the Moon' by the German Romantic landscape artist Caspar David Friedrich was acknowledged (by its writer) as the main inspiration behind which major 20th-century work of literature?

Waiting For Godot’ by Samule Beckett

22/   A sequence of frescoes in the Basilica of San Francesco in Arezzo, 'The History of the True Cross' is a work by which painter of the Early Renaissance born in Sansepolcro in 1415? Another of his noted work is the Montefeltro/ Brera Altarpiece (1472-74).     Piero della Francesca

23/ Founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919, the Bauhaus art school moved to which city at the junction of the Elbe and Mulde in 1925?   Dessau

24/ In Christian art, what name is given to a depiction (often in sculpture) of the Virgin Mary cradling the dead body of Jesus?  Pieta

25/  Georges Seurat's famous pointillistic painting 'A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte' features 48 people, 8 boats, 3 dogs and one other animal of which species?   A Monkey

 

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