Mastermind Club
   Mastermind Club 

Shakespeare is generally regarded as having been born and having died on the same date (though obviously in two different years).  What date? 23rd April

Which character was the son of the witch Sycorax?  Caliban in The Tempest

In which Italian city is the story of Romeo and Juliet set? Verona

In which play does a character discuss the side-effect of drunkenness known colloquially as brewer’s droop? 

Macbeth  (the ‘comic porter’ scene)

What is the name of the Merchant of Venice? Antonio

Which minor Shakespearean characters are the title figures in a modern play by Tom Stoppard?

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern from Hamlet

In which play is a play performed by a tailor, a weaver, a tinker and other tradesmen? A Midsummer Night’s Dream

Which Shakespeare play has been retold in modern settings as a film by Kurosawa and a novel by Jane Smiley?  King Lear (Kurosawa’s Ran and Smiley’s A Thousand Acres)

In which play do we find the stage direction ‘Exit, pursued by a bear’? The Winter’s Tale

Which play includes two scenes partly in French? Henry V

And which one has a part for a native Welsh speaker? Henry IV part 1  (Shakespeare includes lines and a song for Glendower’s wife but leaves it up to the actor, with the instructions ‘The lady speaks/sings in Welsh.’ Presumably there was an actor in the company who spoke Welsh.)

With whom did Shakespeare collaborate on a play based on Chaucer’s Knight’s Tale of Palamon and Arcite?

John Fletcher; the play is The Two Noble Kinsmen).

In Othello, who is married to Emilia?  Iago

Speaking in Hamlet, silent in Julius Caesar, Macbeth and Richard III. What sort of character? Ghosts

Volumnia is the mother of the title character of a Shakespeare play. Which play? Coriolanus

Which play has the alternative title of What You Will?

Twelfth Night

What relation was Dr. John Hall to Shakespeare? Son-in-law

Which Shakespeare play has been turned into operas by Verdi and Vaughan Williams?The Merry Wives of Windsor (Verdi’s Falstaff and V-Ws Sir John in Love)

'My salad days, when I was green in judgment, cold in blood.’ From which play does this quotation come?

Antony and Cleopatra

Which 20th century work is the origin of the title of this quiz?

Kiss Me Kate by Cole Porter 

The first official Grand National took place in 1839,  3 years after an unofficial race was run and won by The Duke. Which appropriately named horse won the 1839 event?    Lottery

       The Mayflower set sail for America in 1620 but was forced toturn back to Dartmouth when about 100 miles west of Land's End because her sister ship had sprung a leak. What was the name of the sister ship? Speedwell

         Which Chancellor of the Exchequer introduced Premium Bonds in 1957  Harold McMillan

        When James Beck died in 1973, Private Walker disappeared from Dads' Army. He was indirectly replaced by Talfryn Thomas who played which character?  Private Cheeseman

        Alderney is the most northerly Channel Island. What is the name of its main town?   Saint Anne

        What is a tittle? The dot on an i or j

       The Prime Minister of Sweden was assassinated in 1986 by Christer Petterson. What was the victim's name?  Olaf Palme

Which notable character from World War 1 died in a Czech prison in April 1918 as a result of Tuberculosis?

Gavrilo Princip

       Who was the only woman to appear regularly in Monty Python's Flying Circus?   Carol Cleveland

Sir Edward Elgar composed the music for Land of Hope and Glory but who wrote the words?   Arthur Christopher Benson

Takeyuki Nakayama and Jon Brown share which unenviable Olympic record?   Nakayama (1988 and 1992) and Brown (2000 and 2004) twice finished 4th in the men's Olympic marathon.

Why was the final Test match of the 1938-9 series between South Africa and England drawn?  After 9 days of play the match was abandoned as a draw as the England team had to leave to get the boat home!

Which tennis player reached 3 Wimbledon finals in 1977 and lost all of them?  Betty Stove (Netherlands) lost the ladies singles, ladies doubles and mixed doubles finals at the 1977 Wimbledon championships.

In which modern day country did the 1980 Olympic Sailing events take place?  Estonia (Then part of the Soviet Union)

Which Italian born cricketer, once stood against future Prime Minister James Callaghan in a General Election? Ted Dexter who lost to Callaghan in the Cardiff South East constituancy in the 1964 General Election

 Ken Matthews and Paul Nihill are the last British athletes to win Olympic medals in which athletics discipline?

Race Walking. At the 1964 Olympics Matthews won gold in 20km and Nihill silver in 50km.

Who is the most successful individual British athlete at the Winter Olympics? Jeanette Altwegg won Figure Skating bronze in 1948 and gold in 1952. The only British individual Winter Olympian to win more than one medal.  NOTE Since this question was written, Lizzie Yarnold has won the Skeleton gold again in Pyong Yang, to become Britain's most successful)

Who was the last Frenchman to win the Tour de France?

Bernard Hinhault in 1985

What connects South African cricketer Ali Bacher, German runner Thomas Wessinghage, English canoeist Tim Brabants and Welsh Rugby player J.P.R. Williams?

They are all medical doctors

The brother of which British Olympic Gold Medallist competed at the 1988 and 1992 Winter Olympics?

Steve Ovett's brother Nicholas competed in the luge at these games

This Mozart opera based on a stage play by Pierre Beaumarchis is often called the greatest opera often written. Some roles are common with the Barber of Seville.

The Marraige of Figaro

This American opera by George Gershwin is set on Catfish Row in Charleston, South Carolina and concerns two African-Americam Lovers.   Porgy and Bess

Puccini's last opera, it has an oriental setting. It concerns a Chinese princess who sets riddles for her suitors. Calaf the Prince of Persia wins her over.  Turandot

Wagner opera based on The Holy Grail. For several years it could only be performed at Bayreuth. Parsifal

A Mozart opera that concerns the rescue of Constanze from a harem by Belmonte and his side-kick Pedrillo. 

The Abduction from the Seraglio

Rossini's comedy based on a play by Beaumarchis. Concerns the attempts of Count Almaviva to wed the beautiful and rich Rosina aided by Figaro, who is the title character.

The Barber of Seville

Mozarts opera about the adventures of a libertine who is dragged to hell in the climax for his misdeeds. Don Giovanni

Beloved opera of Menotti, inspired by Heironymus Bosch's painting Adoration of the Magi.  Amahl and the Night Visitors

This 1892 Leoncavello opera is a tragady about clowns.

Pagliacci

Verdi's last opera. About the adventures of the titular fat knight on a mission to seduce Mrs Ford and Mrs Page. Falstaff

Opera by Donizetti based  on a Walter Scott novel, concerning the fueding Ashton and Ravenswood families.

Lucia di Lammermoor

Richard Strauss' opera famous for featuring  The Dance of the Seven Veils.  It ends with the title character kissing a severed head.   Salome

One of the many melodies in this Verdi classic is The Anvil Chorus performed by a group of gypsies. Il Trovatore

Modest Mussorgsky's only completed opera. About a real-life Russian ruler who reigned as Tsar from 1598-1605

Boris Godunov

Puccini tragedy which ends with the titular heroine's lover meeting his end at the hands of a firing squad and her jumping to her death.   Tosca

Name the four opears in Wagner's Ring Cycle.

The Rhinegold, The Valkerie, Siegfried, Twilight of the Gods

Popular German opera by Richard Strauss it concerns the presentation of a silver flower by Octavian to Sophie.

Der Rosenkavalier

Verdi's tragedy about a prostitute named Violetta who loses her life to tuberculosis  La traviata

Most sucessful opera of Tchaikovsky that has several references to Pushkin's verse novel of the same name. Mainly about the title character rebuffing then longing for Tatania.

Eugene Onegin

Verdi's tragedy about a hunchbacked Jester ends with him crying over the dead body of his daughter Gilda. Rigoletto

In Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, the mariner shoots what seabird with a crossbow and later wears it around his neck as punishment?   Albatross

Mohandas Gandhi carried whose essay entitled “Civil Disobedience” with him during his prison stays?

Henry David Thoreau

What literary character had a little sister named Phoebe, wore an iconic red hunting cap and saw expulsion from school?

Holden Caulfield in J.D.Salingers Catcher in the Rye

Who made the one ring in The Lord of the Rings?

Dark Lord Sauron

Ian Fleming built a Jamaican home named after which of his James Bond novels?   Goldeneye

Who wrote Treasure Island? Robert Louis Stevenson

Helen Fielding wrote whose best-selling Diary in 1996?

Bridget Jones

Originally rejected by 121 publishers – more than any other bestselling book – what 1974 Robert M. Pirsig novel explores the metaphysics of quality during a 17-day motorcycle journey across the United States?

Zen and the Art of Motor Cycle Maintainance

Jack Dawkins goes by what nickname in Oliver Twist?

the Artful Dodger

Who wrote Interview with a Vampire Ann Rice

George H.W. Bush owned a famous book-writing dog with what name?   Millie

Amy, Beth Jo and Meg share what last name in Little Women?   March

Who wrote Peter Pan?   James M.Barrie

Who wrote the series of suspense novels pertaining Hannibal Lecter?   Thomas Harris

What sexy cinema septuagenarian wrote the 2010 book subtitled Beyond the Cleavage Raquel Welch

Elizabeth Bennet acts as the protagonist of what 1813 novel?

Pride and Prejudice

Who wrote Mary Poppins (Pamela) P.L.Travers

Who wrote the epic poem “The Song of Hiawatha” in 1855?

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Later adapted into the film Schindler’s List, what author wrote the book Schindler’s Ark Thomas Keneally

Mary Lennox arrived in England after her parents’ death in The Secret Garden; Lennox lived where prior to this event? India

Name the Artist/Band of the following Classic Albums

Ghost in the Machine   (1981)     The Poilce

Surrealistic Pillow     ( 1967)       Jefferson Airplane

Disraeli Gears (1987)                  Cream

At Fillmore East  (1971)              Allman Brothers Band

The Queen is Dead   (1986)          The Smiths

Mellon Collie and the Infinate Sadness  (1995)

                                       The Smashing Pumpkins

Green River  (1969)        Creedance Clearwater Revival

The Piper at the Gates of Dawn    (1967)   Pink Floyd

Fly Like an Eagle   (1976)           Steve Miller Band

Houses of the Holy (1973)               Led Zepplin

Abraxas   (1970)                             Santana

Closer  (1980)                             Joy Division

Version 2.0 (1998)                        Garbage

Master of Puppets  (1986)            Metallica

Darkness on the Edge of Town  (1978)   Bruce Springsteen

Post  (1995)                                           Bjork          

BloodSugarSexMagik   (1991)     Red Hot Chilli Peppers

Disintregation   (1989)                       The Cure

Rhythm Nation 1814 (1989)         Janet Jackson

Elecrtric Warrior (1971)                    T-Rex

Appetite for Destruction (1987)    Guns n Roses

If You Can Believe Your Eyes and Ears   (1966)

                                             The Mamas and the Papas

Aqualung (1971)                          Jethro Tull

Tragic Kingdom (1995)                 No Doubt

Automatic for the People  (1992)   R.E.M.

A Rush of Blood to the Head   (2002)  Coldplay

Hysteria  (1987)                            Def Leppard

American Beauty (1970)            Grateful Dead

Jagged Litte Pill   (1995)         Alanis Morrisette

It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back  (1988)

                                                      Public Enemy

Based on "Only Connect"

Round 1. Connections

 

 Lion   Harold Wilson, Gordon Brown, Paul McCartney,

Hugh Laurie. James Harold Wilson, James Gordon Brown, James Paul McCartney, James Hugh Calum Laurie. All have James as first name but are known by their middle names.

Water. Enterprise, Rock and Chips, Young Sheldon, Gotham.

All are prequels to TV shows. Enterprise, prequel to Star Trek. Rock and Chips, prequel to Only Fools And Horses. Young Sheldon prequel to The Big Bang Theory. Gotham, prequel to Batman.

Twisted Flax. Te, Ce, Se, He.

Symbols for chemical elements named after solar system objects. Te (Tellurium) - Earth. Ce (Cerium) - Ceres. Se (Selenium) - Moon. He (Helium) - Sun.

Eye of Horus. Geena Davis, Martin Sheen,

Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Kevin Spacey.All have portrayed fictional US Presidents on TV. Davis in “Commander in Chief”, Sheen in “The West Wing”, Louis-Dreyfus in “Veep”, Spacey in “House of Cards.”

Two Reeds. Rio de Janeiro, Auckland, Philadelphia, Istanbul.

Previous capital cities. Rio de Janeiro replaced by Brasilia as capital of Brazil. Auckland replaced by Wellington as capital of New Zealand. Philadelphia replaced by Washington as capital of USA. Istanbul replaced by Ankara as capital of Turkey.

Horned Viper. Chesley Sullenberger, Walt Disney, Jim Lovell, Charlie Wilson. Real people portrayed in films by Tom Hanks. Chesley Sullenberger in “Sully”. Walt Disney in “Saving Mr. Banks”. Jim Lovell in “Apollo 13”. Charlie Wilson in “Charlie Wilson’s War.”

Round 2. Sequences

Lion. Los Angeles, Istanbul, Madrid....?

Los Angeles, runner up to Paris in bid for 2024 Olympics. Istanbul, runner up to Tokyo in bid  for 2020 Olympics, Madrid, runner up to Rio de Janeiro in bid for 2016 Olympics. Missing sequence is Paris, runner up to London in bid for 2012 Olympics. 

Water. Spider, Eagle, Aquarius...?  Spider, Lunar Module for Apollo 9. Eagle, Lunar Module for Apollo 11. Aquarius, Lunar Module for Apollo 13. Missing sequence is Falcon, Lunar Module for Apollo 15, next odd numbered Apollo mission.

Twisted Flax. 3001, 2061, 2010...? The Final Odyssey. 2061: Odyssey Three. 2010: Odyssey Two. Missing sequence is 2001: A Space Odyssey. Arthur C. Clarke’s Space Odyssey novels in reverse chronological order.

Eye of Horus. Kelly Holmes, Chris Hoy, Ben Ainslie...?

Carried the Union Flag in the closing ceremony of the Olympic Games. Holmes (2004), Hoy (2008), Ainslie (2012). Missing sequence is Kate Richardson-Walsh, who carried the flag in 2016.

Two Reeds. Clive Lloyd, Clive Lloyd, Kapil Dev...?

Captains of successive Cricket World Cup winning teams. Clive Lloyd (1975 and 1979), Kapil Dev (1983). Missing sequence is Allan Border (1987).

Horned Viper. Bernard Lee, Robert Brown, Judi Dench...?

Actors who played “M” in EON James Bond films in chronological order. Lee, Brown, Dench. Missing sequence is Ralph Fiennes.

What are the three main rivers in Lancashire?

  Ribble, Wyre and Lune

Which Lancashire born engineer invented the Spinning Jenny in the 18th Century?   James Hargreaves
In which Lancashire town was the Cooperative Movement founded?  Rochdale
Brian Gamlin of Bury, Lancashire, introduced what innovation into the game of darts?  The odd numbering system in 1896
In which Lancashire town is the Nutters Dance performed every Easter Sunday?    Bacup
Name the Lancashire town where the first test tube baby was born?     Oldham
Which town in Lancashire was called Marsden prior to 1805?
Nelson
In which town in Lancashire would you find the Thwaites brewery?   Blackburn
Liquorice, capsicum, eucalyptus and menthol are the main ingredients of which well- known edible product first made in Fleetwood, Lancashire in the late 19th century?          
Fishermans Friends

In which city is the University of Central Lancashire? Preston
Lancashire’s Industrial Landscape was often the subject for which Famous Artist?  L.S.Lowry
From which Lancashire town do the Verve come from? Wigan
Which Lancashire town boasts itself as the birthplace of the tee-total movement?   Preston
Which fruit has the varieties Lord Kitchener, White Lion and Lancashire Lad? Gooseberry

Which Lancashire town was officially known as Poulton le Sands untill 1870?  Morcambe
Which Lancashire town was designated a new town in 1961 to relieve overcrowding on Merseyside? Skelmersdale
Which Lancashire town became future leader Winston Churchill’s first seat as an MP in 1900?  Oldham
On which English course is the Lancashire Oaks run? Haydock Park

Born in Lancashire in 1904 which comedian became a jockey and was later awarded the Order of Lenin? George Formby
 Manchester United were originally known as Newton Heath, a team formed by employees of which company in 1878? Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Company
Which England soccer manager was born in Burnley, Lancashire?  Ron Greenwood
The Hatchet was a magazine produced for the supporters of which Lancashire football club?  Bury
Which chart topper started life at Leigh, Lancashire as Clive Powell?   Georgie Fame
Which comedy double act worked as welders in a Lancashire factory before forming a singing duo called The Harper Brothers?   Cannon & Ball
The English novelist Dorothy Sayers shares her middle name with which Lancashire town?  LeighWho played Raquel Watts nee Wolstenholme in Coronation Street?  Sarah Lancashire

The famous “Six Before Breakfast” awards in which half a dozen Victoria Crosses (VCs) were eventually handed out in recognition of the bravery shown by the 1st Battalion, the Lancashire Fusiliers. Took place in which campaign? Galipolli

Where has Hope replaced Dippy?   Hintze Hall of the Natural History Museum. The cast of a diplodocus skeleton known as ‘Dippy’ has been replaced by a blue whale skeleton. The latter has been named ‘Hope’.

Which is the only Gilbert and Sullivan opera with no spoken
dialogue?  
Trial by Jury
The Long Man of Wilmington in Sussex is one of only two ancient chalk figures in the UK depicting a human figure. Which is the other?   The Cerne Giant, near Cerne Abbas in Dorset)
Where did the wrong red envelope cause confusion in February 2017?  At the Oscars, when Warren Beatty was given the wrong envelope and announced the wrong Best Picture.
The German name for this musical instrument is ‘zink’. What is it called in English?  Cornett/Cornetto; ‘cornet’ won’t do, as this is a completely different instrument so I couldn’t accept that misspelling.
Which UK institution has the motto ‘Nullius in verba’? The Royal Society; usually translated as ‘take nobody’s word for it’.
Which operatic character is the long-lost son of Bartolo and
Marcellina? 
Figaro in Mozart’s opera, ‘Marriage of Figaro’
What was discovered as the result of an anonymous letter to Lord Monteagle early in the 17th century?     Barrels of gunpowder in thecellars of the Houses of Parliament – the so-called ‘MonteagleLetter’ resulted in the foiling of the Gunpowder Plot of 1605).
In which fictional school, whose creator died in 2017, did Class 2B include Toots, Smiffy and Plug? Bash Street – created by Leo Baxendale for The Beano
Which British monarch had a name suggesting his main adviser might have been a small mythical being?  Alfred the Great – aelf =‘elf’ + ‘rede = advised
Which is the only narrator of a Canterbury Tale not to have been oneof the original pilgrims who set out from the Tabard Inn? The Canon’s Yeoman
Which instrument plays the initial solo in Rossini’s ‘William Tell’ overture?  Cello; the famous bit which starts with the trumpets  comes later.
Which country’s national airline is named after a mythical bird?    Indonesia – Garuda
An old dial telephone is permanently exhibited at the church of St. Stephen Walbrook, London. What does it commemorate? The founding of the Samaritans in 1953 by the Rev. Chad Varah; it was the original telephone he used at the church.
What is generally believed to have been the cause of death of the brother of Edward IV and Richard III in 1478? Drowning – allegedly in a butt of malmsey – George Duke of Clarence
The title of D. H. Lawrence’s novel ‘The Plumed Serpent’ is a
reference to which ancient Mexican deity?
The serpent-god
Quetzalcoatl

Which composer, organist and choirmaster of Chichester Cathedral was repeatedly disciplined for drunkenness and bad behaviour, including urinating on the Dean from the organ loft during Evensong? Thomas Weelkes
.What is the easternmost station on the new Elizabeth Line?
Shenfield
Which fictional character is named after the author of a guide to the birds of the Caribbean? James Bond
Celia Birtwell, the textile designer, appears in a painting by David Hockney with her then husband and their pet. What was the pet’s name? The painting is called ‘Mr & Mrs Clark and Percy’. Celia Birtwell says that the cat in the painting is actually their other cat Blanche – so either answer will do, and brownie points to those who mentioned bo

A pioneering method for calculating a sequence of Bernoulli numbers in the 1840s has what significance for the digital age? The method, created by Ada Lovelace for Babbage's Analytical Engine, is widely credited as the world's first computer program. Based on this work, Lovelace is now widely credited with being the first computer programmer

What is particularly common to the topics of photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, special relativity, and mass–energy equivalence? Just saying Einstein won't do! These are the subjects of the four papers that he published in 1905 that are called the Annus Mirabilis papers.

These four articles contributed substantially to the foundation of modern physics and changed views on space, time, mass, and energy

The Russian scientist Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets has what pioneering connection with the periodic table of elements? First person whose name was given to a chemical element.  Samarium (62).

What short-named body can be called the most geologically active place of the Solar System as the tidal forces of its mother planet cause its solid surface to bulge up by as much as 100 meters? Io (Jupiter)

When Nixon was president, Sample 70017 was cut into fragments and distributed to all U.S. states and 135 countries around the globe as a goodwill gesture. What is it?   Moon rock Lunar basalt 70017 is a moon basalt that was last collected by astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt on the last manned moon landing, Apollo 17. NASA still has about 80 percent of the original rock

 1. The A is the outermost of the large, bright ones.

2. The B is the largest, brightest, and most massive.

3. The C is wide but faint and located inward of the B.

4. The D is the innermost and is also very faint.

5. The E is the second outermost and is extremely wide.

6. The F is the outermost discrete one and very active.

7. The G is very thin and faint and is halfway between the F and the E.

What are we talking about? The Rings of Saturn

 In mathematics, what object commonly seen in video games with secret getaways is used to describe a function that is easy to compute in one direction but very hard to compute the opposite way? Trapdoor function .An example would be saying that a large number is a product of two primes. Without knowing one of the two, it would be very difficult to find the numbers.

Anna Bertha who exclaimed "I have seen my death!" after seeing her photograph taken by her husband in 1895 was married to whom?

Wilhelm Röntgen  Needless to say, concerning x-rays

In a Oct, 2014 interview to The Guardian, Prof. Peter Piot said the following. What's the missing word? "In 1976 I discovered ... - now I fear an unimaginable tragedy." Ebola

What striking wildlife form mostly endemic to a large island gets its name from specimens prepared by traders without wings and feet lending to a belief that they are creatures that originated in an other-worldly place?  Bird-of-paradise The majority of species, known for their plumage, are found in New Guinea and its satellites, with a few in the Maluku Islands and eastern Australia. The family has forty-one species in 14 general.

 Maria, the heroine of the 1941 novel Storm by George Rippey Stewart, was the first of sorts in what practice streamlined from 1953 on?

Naming hurricanes after people Originally, hurricanes were given the names of saints who were honored on the day they occurred, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The practice of using first names started when the usage of appending latitude-longitude positions to the names proved confusing. Now, hurricane names are determined by the World Meteorological Organization headquartered in Geneva

Wardenclyffe Tower in Shoreham, New York was designed by which genius who intended to showcase it for demonstrations of wireless power transmission? Nikola Tesla Funding for the project dried up before completion and Wardenclyffe was shut down by 1905.

The Bortle scale on which areas away from human habitation unsurprisingly receive high ratings and which is of particular interest to amateur astronomers is concerned with what property? Darkness of the night sky The scale ranges from Class 1, the darkest skies available on Earth, through Class 9, inner-city skies.

In a letter written in 1924, who wrote "You will be interested to hear that I have found a Cepheid variable in the Andromeda Nebula" and transformed our view of the universe forever?  Edwin Hubble This paved the way for understanding that the universe is composed of innumerable galaxies spread out in space, farther than the largest telescope could see

 In 2007, Lisa Nowak drove 900 miles to attack another lady in a fit of lovers jealousy. It was initially reported that she wore a Maximum Absorbency Garment to avoid restroom stops. What was Lisa Nowak's professional role that made the story newsworthy? She was an astronaut

A Maximum Absorbency Garment (MAG) is a piece of clothing NASA astronauts wear during liftoff, landing, and extra-vehicular activity (EVA) to absorb body excretions. It is worn by both male and female astronauts. It is used because astronauts cannot remove their space suits during long operations, such as spacewalks that usually last for several hours

Most of the discoveries of exoplanets thus far are due to the work of NASA's space laboratory named appropriately for which 17th century scientific great? Johannes Kepler As of June 2014, Kepler and its follow-up observations had found 977 confirmed exoplanets in more than 400 stellar systems, along with a further 3,277 unconfirmed planet candidates. Kepler of course is best known for his laws of planetary motion

Oklo in Gabon, Africa is the only known place in the world where what reaction occurs naturally? Nuclear fission A natural nuclear fission reactor is a uranium deposit where self-sustaining nuclear chain reactions have occurred. This can be examined by analysis of isotope ratios

The Flammarion engraving that can be frequently seen on book covers sought to illustrate what belief system?  Flat earth It has been used to represent a supposedly medieval cosmology, including a flat earth bounded by a solid and opaque sky, or firmament, and also as a metaphorical illustration of either the scientific or the mystical quests for knowledge.

Awarded to people in the medical field, what American awards are considered the country's equivalent of the Nobel Prize in that area?

The Lasker Awards Eighty-six Lasker laureates have received the Nobel Prize, including 32 in the last two decades.

Using two copper devices called the Magdeburg hemispheres, a certain German scientist proved the concept of what in 1656?

Atmospheric pressure/ vacuum (Otto von Guericke)

When the rims were sealed with grease and the air was pumped out, the sphere contained a vacuum and could not be pulled apart by teams of horses. The hemispheres became popular in physics lectures as an illustration of the power of air pressure, and are still used in education. A pair of the original hemispheres are preserved in the Deutsches Museum in Munich

In a 1995 book, authors Charles Mann and Mark Plummer argue that we have to realize we cannot save every species and must prioritize. They called the book whose choice?   Noah (Noah's Choice)

A steel sphere filled with sodium housed at the University of Maryland seeks to register the flipping of what physical property that is of enormous significance to mariners, among others? Earth's magnetic field

Earth's magnetic field changes over time because it is generated by the motion of molten iron alloys in its outer core. In the course of the planet's history, it has flipped hundreds of times.

 If the Solvay Conferences of the early 1910s set the tone for 20th century physics, the Dartmouth Conferences of 1956 have similar importance for what field of science? Artificial Intelligence (AI) Organised by John McCarthy and formally proposed by McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Nathaniel Rochester and Claude Shannon, the proposal is credited with introducing the term 'artificial intelligence'. McCarthy was very influential in the early development of AI

What is the name of the six-letter ore from which niobium and tantalum are extracted and whose mining is said to have fueled many modern day African conflicts? Coltan It is used primarily for the production of tantalum capacitors, used in many electronic devices. Many sources mention coltan's importance in the production of cell phones, but this is an over-simplification, as tantalum capacitors are used in almost every kind of electronic device. Its mining has been cited as helping to finance serious conflict, for example the Ituri conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

What is the subject of the illustration commonly called March of Progress that was commissioned by Time-Life Books and drawn by Rudolph Zallinger in 1965? The ape to man progress Scientists have noted that early human evolution did not progress in any linear, sequential fashion nor did it move along a "road" toward any predetermined "ideal form"; they have faulted the image with being misleading in implying these things. Although the context of the original drawing indicates that it was not the authors' or illustrator's intent to imply a linear ancestor-descendant parade, as the popularity of the image grew and achieved iconic status, the name "March of Progress" became attached to it.m

What psychological phenomenon states that when two people live in close proximity during the first years in the life of either one, they are desensitized to sexual attraction?  The Westermarck effect

What present-day tradition that is a favorite among the working class originated in the U.S. Navy in the 1920s where it was a slang for a scheduled entertainment period?

If someone wants to be called a 'hafiz' or 'hafith' by Muslims, they must possess an incredible memory Why? 

Hafiz is one who has memorised the Quran It literally means 'Guardian’.

What is the Japanese practice of 'jigai' that is the female equivalent of a more gory procedure prescribed for males?

Traditional method of ritual suicide

What is the term for the fine pattern of cracks formed on old paintings, which is sometimes used to detect forged art as it is a hard-to-forge signature of authenticity? Craquelure

The name of what mythical medieval land of plenty where the harshness of peasant life does not exist is commonplace in medieval Goliard verse?  Cockaigne

What cultural symbol of Mexico is said to represent both the Virgin Mary and the Aztec goddess Tonantzin?

Our Lady of Guadalupe

A snare is tied near the base of a bird's throat, which allows the bird only to swallow small fish. When the bird tries to swallow a large fish, the fish is caught in the it's throat and when it returns to the fisherman's raft, he helps the bird to remove the fish. Historically in China, Japan and Macedonia, the fishing skills of which bird have been put to good use this way? Cormorant

Alluded to by Alexander Pope in his "An Essay on Criticism", in Greek mythology it was believed that drinking from what body of water would bring you great inspiration?

The Pierian spring

What is the illustrated manuscript produced by Celtic monks around 800 AD that has been described as the zenith of Western calligraphy and illumination? The Book of Kells

The medieval practice of appointing a cardinal who was a nephew of a pope gives us which English word that means bestowing favors to relatives/friends? Nepotism

What is the Japanese equivalent of the Chinese art of penjing?  Bonsai

In Irish, Icelandic, and Scottish mythologies, selkies are creatures that are capable of taking what form apart from human?  A form of Seal

The temple of the Hindu god Lord Venkateshwara in Tirupathi, India holds what distinction? It is the second most visited religious center in the world, following the Vatican

What valuable commodities were called as 'sweat of the sun' and 'tears of the moon' by the Incas? Gold & Silver

What monument was described by the poet Rabindranath Tagore as "a teardrop on the cheek of time"? Taj Mahal

What measures 15 feet × 29 ft and can be found in the back halls of a dining hall at the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy? The Last Supper by Da Vinci

What is the name of the ritual practiced by some Bedouin tribes for the purpose of lie detection in which the accused is asked to lick a hot object?   Bishaa

Western Red Cedar trees are typically used by the indigenous cultures of the Pacific Northwest coast of North America to carve what distinctive artifacts?  Totem Poles

What is the name of the water management system developed in ancient Persia that is used to provide a reliable supply of water in hot and arid climates?  Qanat

Typically worn in rural areas while hunting, what type of hat became a stereotypical head wear of a detective because of its association with Sherlock Holmes?  Deerstalker

What item of clothing invented in 1946 was named after the site of a nuclear weapons test on the reasoning that the burst of excitement it would cause would be like a nuclear device?  The Bikini

Until the 80s, visitors to Disneyland would purchase books of coupons that were in different alphabetical denominations with the highest one being the most expensive and reserved for the most popular rides.

What expression for a thrilling situation originates from this practice?   E Ticket Ride

 What is the name given to a sculpted female figure serving as an architectural support taking the place of a column or a pillar?  Caryatid

The Ouroboros, one of the oldest mystical symbols in the world was the inspiration behind the discovery of the structure of the Benzene molecule. How is it represented?

A Serpent swallowing its own tail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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